Free wireless offered outside through public-private partnerships

Has this happened to you while driving? The radio in your vehicle is playing a song on a local radio station’s frequency and then suddenly the song starts fading in and out in the car speakers until it either goes to dead air or picks up another radio station.  You have traveled beyond the bandwidth of that frequency and have now found yourself singing the rest of the song a cappella style. Well, the same thing applies to the internet and Wireless Fidelity or Wi-Fi.

Your device can pick up a Wi-Fi signal that connects it to the internet, thru the air just like a high-frequency radio signal. Wi-Fi, like the frequency of a radio station, is regulated. Electronic components that make up a wireless network are based on one of the 802.11 standards that were set by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Wi-Fi Alliance. The Wi-Fi Alliance trademarked the name Wi-Fi and promoted the technology. The technology is also referred to as WLAN, short for wireless local area network. The type of 802.11 protocol used indoors will deliver transmission ranges anywhere from 115 to 230 feet.

It is up to you to foot the bill for wireless technology in your home, but most indoor establishments pay to offer some type of free Wi-Fi for your convenience. But what happens when you go outside? Free Wi-Fi kiosks by CIVIQ Smartscapes have started popping up in cities like New York,  Miami, Portland, Ore., Chicago and San Antonio. The kiosk includes a dual 55-inch outdoor display, dual touch screen, Wi-Fi and USB quick charge capabilities. These kiosks are scattered throughout the city and provide a Wi-Fi range from 150 to 250 feet. The kiosks can also be customized to provide information about upcoming events, geographic points of interest other local information.

New York plans to have 7,500 kiosks by 2024. The city’s Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications oversees upkeep of the LinkNYC kiosks while CityBridge, a group of tech companies, assumes responsibility for installation of the kiosks in exchange for the advertising revenue generated by the project. The advertising shown on the kiosks means that the city offers the service with possibly no cost to the taxpayers. Since the law prohibits this type of arrangement in Texas, Bexar County is paying $280,122 for the six kiosks to be installed throughout San Antonio this summer.

For those traveling underground, the Wi-Fi signal can be very faint, but the city of New York found a way to deliver free wireless throughout their underground subway stations. Service underground went live at a few stations five years ago, but January officially marked the goal date of delivering the service at all stations. In addition to wireless, some stations now offer cellular service. These services presently are not offered on trains traveling between stations, but the city has promised that the service would be available when they roll out their next generation subway trains in 2020.

The company that provides the free service for the city agreed to spend $7 million on the Wi-Fi operation over five years and will advertise along the route to promote it. To access the Wi-Fi connection and enter the password, users have to start at a landing page which highlights local events, poses a poll question, provides the weather and allows the city to interact with the users.

If you feel like getting away from the city and might want to go climb a mountain, Mount Everest, would be your best option for Wi-Fi. Previously, a couple of the base camp services offered Wi-Fi at $5 an hour, but free wireless will be made available soon at the Lukla-Everest Base Camp and Annapurna Base Camp along Everest. The Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) plans on using fibre-optic cables that can resist the extreme cold atop Everest.

The NTA will also introduce a system of wireless broadband transmitters to send microwave signals up and down the mountain in case extreme weather interferes with the fibre-optic cables. At 17,600 feet above sea level, the base camp will be the highest location on Earth with free Wi-Fi.

For those who would rather keep their feet firmly planted at the bottom of a mountain can head to one of several beaches and camping areas to get free wireless outside. Most of these outdoor venues have been offering the luxury of Wi-Fi for a few years. And believe it or not, you can even get free wireless service at a cemetery. At Oak Grove Cemetery in Paducah, Ky., visitors who want to perform genealogical research don’t have to wait until they get home to look up names on head stones. In 2016, Moscow, Russia equipped 133 cemeteries with wireless technology. Some of these cemeteries are the final resting place of well-known authors and leaders and the Wi-Fi allows visitors to learn more about those laid to rest.

Photo: by Karen Bryan 

Public-private partnerships – happening even in small cities, rural areas of the country

There’s lots of news about major cities launching public-private partnerships (P3s) to rebuild, upgrade and improve urban assets. The P3s have become attractive because of a lack of public funding and an abundance of private-sector capital just waiting to be tapped.

But, there’s not much news about P3s in smaller cities or in rural areas. That is about to change. As public officials in less populated parts of the country lament that the projects they need to launch are not large enough to capture the attention of investors or experienced contracting partners, some of their counterparts are forging ahead.

Many creative and innovative city leaders have found ways to get around all obstacles. P3s are now being launched for all types of projects in smaller cities and taxpayers will benefit as public assets are salvaged and/or improved.

Redevelopment projects are becoming common and most involve a private-sector partner. Smaller communities are revitalizing downtown areas, developing commercial ventures on non-revenue-producing property, building libraries, parks and repairing roadways through P3s. Such efforts always lead to increased property values and increased revenues for the city, and many of the P3 projects involve adding new revenue streams to city coffers.

One of the issues facing small cities and rural areas in initiating P3s is formulating a revenue model to repay the private investment of capital. And, another hurdle has been that the projects are not large enough to capture the attention of experienced contracting partners.  City leaders in many regions have solved that problem by consolidating a number of projects and finding ways to incentivize partners, bringing grant funding to the table and offering attractive benefits such as exclusive development rights.

Other incentives include long-term leasing agreements and revenue-sharing opportunities. One common thread is the use of Tax Increment Financing (TIF) in which future gains in taxes from a redevelopment effort are used to repay bonds that provide a financial incentive to an investor.

In addition to P3s for redevelopment, infrastructure and amenity projects, there are numerous examples of small city P3s that address broadband, water and wastewater facility operations and parking garages. New P3 projects are also emerging in the areas of smart lighting, solar energy, municipal facilities consolidation and green storm water infrastructure. 

In January, the city of Missoula, Mont., worked to finalize a P3 to redevelop a riverfront property. The project will include a conference center, hotel, parking, retail, restaurants, entertainment space, offices, housing and a public plaza. A large project for a mid-size city! The city is selling the riverfront property to developers and will buy a portion of the conference center and the parking garage once the facilities are built. The total project cost will be approximately $150 million.

Another new P3 is occurring in Salina, Kan., a city with a population of less than 50,000. The city just approved a $154 million downtown redevelopment project that includes $105 million in private funding, $19.1 million in state-issued STAR bonds, $9.2 million in Community Improvement District sales tax funds and $4.9 million in TIF property tax funds. The city will get a downtown hotel, a field house, new streetscapes, theater improvements, a museum and low-income apartments.

Another P3 in Texarkana, Texas, a city with a population of under 37,000, will involve a mixed-use historical preservation project. The city will get new residential space as well as commercial space on the first floor of a building that is located on city property. The revenue model includes HUD funds along with federal and state historic credits, an EPA cleanup loan and some conventional debt.

In June 2016, the city of Burlington, Vt., launched a P3 for a marina project.  The engagement allows the private-sector partner to build a 160-slip facility on public land and then operate the marina for 40 years. The city will receive lease payments for 40 years as well as public amenities. TIF funding will be used to help fund some of the amenities, including a parking lot and a park. 

In 2016, the city of Noblesville, Ind., inked an agreement with an athletic facilities developer to build the Noble Field House at Finch Creek Park.  The project includes a $15 million, 130,000-square-foot youth sports facility. Under the P3 agreement, the developer is responsible for all capital construction, operating and maintenance costs. Incentives to the developer include $300,000 annually in property tax reimbursement for 20 years, $250,000 annually from TIF funding for 20 years and the sale of 10 acres of land for $500,000.

City leaders in smaller cities are indeed becoming creative as they rebuild and upgrade public assets.

 

 

Image: iStock/Easyturn

Smart Cities – again, making huge changes to benefit citizens, taxpayers

Here’s something shocking… A recent report revealed that smart traffic management could save 4.2 billion man hours worldwide annually by 2021. If that happened, it would mean that every motorist in a crowded city would save roughly one full working day per year.

Transportation data, the focus of most smart city initiatives, is helping city leaders use technology to alleviate traffic congestion, improve mobility and create safer roads. That’s a good thing and motorists in traffic congested cities hope that relief is on the way soon.

Cities used transportation data in the past for planning and decision-making but the data that was collected was usually outdated by the time planners received it. The technology was not there to collect traffic data in real time.

All that has changed and traffic data is now collected in real time and the Internet of Things (IoT) is changing cities so rapidly that most citizens are not even aware of the changes.

The IoT enables the collection, storage, analysis and use of real time data. For example, one city project in Ontario, Canada, is using real time traffic data to create algorithms that regulate traffic lights.

Another city – Columbus, Ohio – is about to install an IoT-connected transportation network that will respond to sensors deployed along 50 miles of roadway, at 175 traffic signals and on 3,000 vehicles. When complete, the project will allow emergency vehicles to have priority at all intersections.  The real time data received from the sensors will signal traffic light changes as emergency vehicles approach.  Pedestrians and motorists will be protected at intersections.

Cities are also launching innovative technology solutions to provide better circulation routes on roadways with high truck traffic. Oregon Metro in Portland hopes to deliver freight priority at signalized intersections on Columbia Boulevard, which is a freight corridor and a vital link between North Portland and I-5.

In 2018, the Ohio Turnpike and Infrastructure Commission plans to experiment with variable highway speed limits based on road and traffic conditions detected by computer sensors. Many motorists will support that concept.

Cities are even using transportation data to make infrastructure repairs more effective. Digital monitoring of streets uses real time data collection to assess infrastructure quality and prioritize needs. Some cities are doing it through vehicle-monitoring systems, and here’s how that works. Street data is collected from city-owned vehicles that have sensors and other technology attached to them so that they can transmit road data to a central location. The vehicles have GPS technology, tire pressure sensors, cameras, radar and microphones which gather road data cheaply and effectively. Cincinnati turned to this form of digital monitoring to monitor and prioritize repairs to streets that had fallen in disrepair.

From monitoring traffic congestion to planning and prioritizing future infrastructure projects, the IoT (which really means the collection of massive amounts of real time data) is changing cities like nothing has in the last few decades. Smart cities are evolving and citizens and taxpayers will reap the benefits for generations to come.

P3s increasing the frequency of broadband across the United States

Having the use of the internet at home, work and anywhere else we take our mobile devices is a service most people rely on. A question that seems to come up that might make or break where a person might travel is “do you have Wi-Fi?”  Advancements in technology have delivered a variety of choices for internet users to get this local or wide-area network and this provides them with the ability to choose the proper equipment and provider for their home or business. Some of the broadband choices offered by an internet service provider are cable, digital subscriber line (DSL), satellite, fiber and wireless.

The term broadband means a high-capacity transmission technique using a wide range of frequencies, which enables a large number of messages to be communicated simultaneously. The transmission technologies of today make it possible to move broadband, bits of data such as text, images and sound, much more quickly than traditional telephone or wireless connections, including traditional dial-up internet access connections.

Today’s consumer wants information fast and when it comes to the internet we all feel the need for speed. The higher the amount of megabytes per second (Mbps) the better when downloading information onto the screen. Just one megabyte is one million bits of data per second.

Could you imagine not having the capability to connect anywhere in the world at any given time of the day? Think of a time when your internet service went down at work or home. Significant progress in broadband deployment has been made but these advances are not enough to ensure that advanced telecommunications capability is being deployed to all Americans in a timely way. The median download speed across all consumers last year was 39 Mbps, which represents a 22 percent increase from the year before, which had a value of 32 Mbps. This indicates that consumer speeds are continuing to increase.

According to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 2016 Broadband Progress Report, 98 percent of those living in rural territorial areas (1.1 million people) lack access to broadband. It also states that while an increasing number of schools have high-speed connections, approximately 41 percent of schools lack the connectivity to meet the FCC’s short-term goal of 100 Mbps per 1,000 students and staff. Several state and city officials have started looking at public-private partnerships to bring broadband services to more residents.

In January, Lt. Gov. Dan Forest introduced House Bill 68 to the North Carolina Legislature. The bill, also known as the BRIGHT Futures Act, stands for broadband enabled services, retail online services, internet of things, gridpower, health care, training and education. The act aims to clarify rules governing the ability of municipalities and counties to enter into public-private partnerships for communications services such as broadband internet and wireless internet. As municipalities enter into relationships with private entities, this can lead to expanding internet connectivity to rural communities which in turn would spur economic development and jobs.

In New Mexico, 68 percent of residents living in rural and tribal communities currently lack access to broadband. Sen. Michael Padilla’s Senate Bill 143, the New Mexico Infrastructure Act, could assist with this deficit and the bill passed recently out of the Senate Corporations Committee. The legislation allows state and local governments to join in partnerships with private companies to deliver broadband connectivity. The bill also includes authority for public-private partnerships to accomplish energy efficiency retrofitting of public buildings. Supporters hope it will give residents of New Mexico fast, reliable and affordable broadband access.

Supporters say expanding broadband access will help attract new businesses, investment and high-wage employers to New Mexico and connect small business to online marketplaces. Additionally, the projects stimulated by new public-private partnerships will lead to jobs related to the installation and maintenance of necessary infrastructure.

This past August, the FCC adopted The Alaska Plan to use funds to help bring telecommunication services to communities across Alaska. Without funding, Alaska telecommunications infrastructure and services would be a shadow of what they are today.

The Alaska Plan brings advanced broadband communications to even more rural Alaska communities and maintains millions in federal funds for Alaska’s telecommunications networks over the next 10 years. This successful public-private partnership will continue to strengthen and grow Alaska’s economy.

After The Alaska Plan was adopted it brought in a portion of the $4.5 billion national broadband support fund that has been committed to Alaska’s providers.

With The Alaska Plan, the Alaska Telephone Association, founded in 1949 to bring phone connectivity to Alaska, had participating wireless and wireline providers commit to invest $150 million per year in federal funds to improve and expand fixed and mobile broadband service to approximately 100 communities in rural Alaska over the next 10 years. Each company has made concrete, enforceable commitments to build, upgrade and operate the infrastructure necessary to bring broadband to the vast majority of rural Alaska residents.

The city of Grand Junction in Colorado wants to allow P3 partnerships for broadband and that’s essentially what the Grand Junction City Council asked of local, incumbent internet providers at a meeting this month. The inquiries come as the city is poised to enter into a stage of negotiations with their current internet provider to create an estimated $70 million high-speed, fiber broadband network in Grand Junction.

Councilors are asking the questions before signing onto a second milestone with the company and invited six other internet service providers to propose a plan. Grand Junction is considering building a citywide, fiber broadband network to 28,000 residential homes and about 4,800 businesses at rates to exceed $70 month for 1-gigabit service for residential consumers and $300 a month for business owners. A public-private partnership would allow a number of internet service providers to offer services over the network to provide services to customers.

These potential P3 opportunities are just a few examples of why broadband is an important tool and should be able to expand into remote locations and provide educational and economic opportunities for consumers.


SPI’s team of  public-private partnership consultants offer companies a competitive advantage on procurement opportunities. Contact them today.